Drug Possession and Trafficking

Doug Menuez / Photodisc / Thinkstock

Drug possession and trafficking are the two main drug-related crimes. Can you ever have a small amount of drugs on you without getting into trouble?

Drug Possession

Contrary to what most people think, it's a crime to have any amount of drugs, even if it's only for personal use and even in small quantities.

The term "drugs" refers to various substances identified as illegal under Canadian laws. Here are some examples:

  • cannabis (marijuana)
  • cocaine
  • ecstasy

Right to Possess Certain Drugs and Medications

However, being in possession of certain drugs can be either legal or illegal depending on the circumstances! How can that be?

You're allowed to have certain medication in your possession if a doctor says you can.  For example, if you have a prescription for Ritalin, you're allowed to have that drug on you.

Also, for medical reasons and under specific conditions, some people can get special permission to have cannabis. They use that drug for pain caused by their illnesses.

Trafficking

Being in possession of certain drugs can be either legal or illegal depending on the circumstances! How can that be?

You're allowed to have certain medication in your possession if a doctor says you can.  For example, if you have a prescription for Ritalin, you're allowed to have that drug on you.

Also, for medical reasons and under specific conditions, some people can get special permission to have cannabis. They use that drug for pain caused by their illnesses.

Trafficking

Trafficking generally means having drugs for the purpose of

  • selling them,
  • giving them away,
  • transporting them, or
  • delivering them.

Trafficking is considered a much more serious crime than drug possession and carries a heavier punishment than possession.

Important !
This article explains in a general way the law that applies in Quebec. This article is not a legal opinion or legal advice. To find out the specific rules for your situation, consult a lawyer or notary.