Every year, especially at this time of the year, many Quebecers receive eviction or repossession notices from their landlords. These notices must meet strict conditions.
More notices in December
Landlords who want to repossess an apartment must notify the tenant six months before the end of the lease if the lease is for more than six months. In Quebec, most leases are for one year, from July 1 to June 30. So, landlords must send their notices before December 31. That’s why a lot of eviction notices are sent at this time of the year.
Landlords can repossess an apartment to use it for these reasons:
- a residence for themselves
- a residence for their children or parents
- a residence for a spouse from whom they are separated or divorced, but for whom they are still the main source of support
- a residence for any other relative for whom they are the main source of support, for example, a mother-in-law, sister-in-law or son-in-law
The repossession notice must give the date of repossession, the name of the person who is to live in the apartment and that person’s relationship to the landlord.
Important: Repossession is not the same thing as eviction. Landlords can evict their tenants in specific situations, for example, to subdivide the apartment.
What to do
You have one month after receiving the notice to notify your landlord whether you’ll leave the apartment. You can try to reach an agreement with the landlord, for example, to delay your moving date or get financial compensation from the landlord. Not answering the notice is treated as though you refuse to move out.
If you refuse, your landlord must ask the Régie du logement (rental board) for permission to repossess the apartment. The landlord must prove that the reason given in the notice is true.
Learn more by reading our article Repossession of an Apartment or Eviction.