You’re between 12 and 17. The police stopped you because they think you committed a crime. This article explains your rights and how people must respect them during the steps that happen next.
Your Rights with the Police
If the police stop you, they must tell you about these rights:
To learn more, see our article Your Rights When Arrested or Detained.
Right to Talk to a Lawyer
As soon as you are arrested or held by the police, you have the right to speak to a lawyer by phone for free. Even if you tell the police you don’t want to speak to a lawyer, you can change your mind later.
You also have the right to a lawyer when you go in front of a judge.
Most teens can get legal aid. Legal aid lets you get a lawyer at little or no cost. To find out more, contact the legal aid office in your area.
Right to Remain Silent
The police officers who stopped you must tell you about your right to remain silent. This right means you do not have to answer their questions or say anything. But you will have to tell them your name, address and maybe your date of birth.
They must also tell you that anything you say to them could be used against you in court.
Your right to remain silent also means you do not have to speak in court. Your lawyer can tell you whether it’s better not to speak in court.
Right to Confidentiality
You’re under 18 and the police think you committed a crime.
In most cases, your name, photo or any information that tells people who you are must be kept secret. No one, including the media, can give out this information. Victims also have this right.
In most cases, you continue to have this right even after you turn 18.
Important! There are exceptions to the right to confidentiality.
The media is allowed to give out your name and other information in these cases:
Right to Have Your Parents With You
The police must contact your parents as soon as possible after they stop you.
You have the right to have one of your parents stay with you while the police ask you questions. But your parents cannot answer the questions for you.
Your parents can also go to court with you . They will get a notice telling them when to go to court.
Have you committed a crime? Learn what can happen.
Alternatives to Court
Going to Court
This article explains in a general way the law that applies in Quebec. This article is not a legal opinion or legal advice. To find out the specific rules for your situation, consult a lawyer or notary.