Glossary

R

Records

See Books and Records.

Recusal

A request that a judge be replaced because the judge might not be neutral. For example, a person could ask for the recusal of a judge who is a family member of the person on the other side of the case.

Registered charity

A charity that meets certain criteria and has been accepted for registration by the Charities Directorate of the Canada Revenue Agency. To learn more about these criteria, consult our article Introduction to Registered Charities.

Registry of the court

An office in a courthouse where all the documents relating to a court case are filed, including the original versions of court decisions.

There are two kinds of related businesses:

  • run at least 90% by volunteers
  • connected and subordinate to a charity’s main purpose. Subordinate means the business is a minor activity compared to the charity’s main purpose and that the business is used to support the main purpose.
Res judicata

Res judicata is a Latin expression referring to a court decision that is final. A decision becomes final when the time limit to challenge it - generally 30 days - has expired, or when all the different ways to challenge the decision have been used up.

Revenues

All the money that comes into an organization from various sources. For registered charities, revenues include donations, gifts from other charities, money earned on investments, fees for services, profits from operating a business, government grants and fundraising.

Roll

Once a court case is ready to be heard, the court clerk adds it to a list of cases that are given hearing dates. This list is called the roll.

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