Glossary

J

Judgment

A decision made by a court in a court case.

Judicial district

Each courthouse in Quebec has authority over a geographic area called a judicial district. Quebec is divided into 36 judicial districts.

Jurisdiction

The power given to a court to hear a case. The jurisdiction of a court is limited to certain types of cases, in certain geographic locations, and sometimes even to certain people. For example, the Superior Court of Quebec has the power to hear divorce cases, but not adoption cases. Adoptions fall under the jurisdiction of the Court of Quebec.

Jurisprudence

Also called case law. It refers to all of the decisions made courts. Jurisprudence clarifies the meaning of the law and guides judges who must decide similar cases in the future.

Juror

One of the 12 people who make up a jury. In criminal trials, jurors are responsible for deciding if the accused is guilty. Jurors are chosen randomly from the provincial list of voters.

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