Introduction to Small Claims Court


The Small Claims Division of the Court of Quebec is commonly known as "small claims court". The rules in this court are more simple than in other courts.

This court hears cases for claims of $15,000 or less, and requests for the cancellation of contracts worth $15,000 or less, not including interest.

These cases can be brought by individuals. They can also be brought by companies, associations, and partnerships, but they must be represented in court by an officer or employee. Also, the company, association or partnership must have ten employees or less at any time during the year before bringing the case.

A special feature of this court is that people must usually act for themselves, without a lawyer.  But people can consult a lawyer or other legal professional beforehand to prepare for the court hearing.

The small claims court does not hear these kinds of cases:

  • cases about residential leases
  • claims for support payments between spouses
  • class action lawsuits
  • claims for damage to reputation
  • claims by a person or company, such as a collection agency, that bought the claim of someone else
  • claims to get back property

Important !
This article explains in a general way the law that applies in Quebec. This article is not a legal opinion or legal advice. To find out the specific rules for your situation, consult a lawyer or notary.

Articles in the category "Small Claims Division"