In Quebec, the government program to compensate victims of crimes (IVAC) allows some victims to receive services or financial compensation. This article explains the main steps for applying for compensation.
To receive compensation, you must meet specific conditions. Make sure you qualify before applying.
Forms and evidence
Important: You must complete all sections of the form relating to your situation. IVAC won’t proceed with your application if some information is missing.
Give proof that you were injured. Include a document prepared by a health institution explaining your injuries from the crime (for example, a medical report or a psychological evaluation).
IVAC can ask for other documents, such as receipts for medical expenses or proof of income. Send the documents with your application to speed things up.
For help filling in the form, contact the Crime Victims Assistance Centre (CAVAC), a Sexual Assault Centre (CALACS), an integrated health and social services centre (CISSS) or an integrated university health and social services centre (CIUSSS) in your area.
Refusal from IVAC
IVAC can completely or partly refuse your application if you don’t meet IVAC’s conditions. Here are examples:
- You didn’t prove a crime was committed.
- The crime is not on IVAC’s list.
- Your application was filed after the deadline.
- You didn’t prove you were hurt.
- You didn’t apply to the right compensation program.
- You committed a “gross fault.” This means you were very careless or negligent and should have expected the crime to happen.
Challenging an IVAC decision
You usually have 30 days to challenge an IVAC decision in writing and explain your reasons. The deadline for challenging the decision and the steps to take are explained in the refusal letter. You can get help from a legal professional.
This article explains in a general way the law that applies in Quebec. This article is not a legal opinion or legal advice. To find out the specific rules for your situation, consult a lawyer or notary.