Domestic and wild animals can run into the road suddenly. Dogs, cats, squirrels, deer… What should you do if you hit an animal with your car in Quebec?
If you hit a domestic animal, like a dog, you must stop at the scene of the accident. See if anyone needs help, such as the animal’s owner.
No one is around? You can’t reach the animal’s owner? If the animal weighs 25 kilograms or more, the law says you must report the accident at the nearest police station. If you aren’t sure of the animal’s weight, it’s best to report the accident anyway to avoid fine of up to $300 and nine demerit points on your driving record.
The “25 kilograms and up” rule also applies. No need to call the police over a squirrel, but you must call if you hit a moose!
For some animals, you must report the accident to a wildlife protection officer no matter how much they weigh. Examples are coyotes, opossums, wild turkeys and all birds of prey.
Call Your Insurer
Hitting an animal can seriously damage your vehicle. Tell your insurance company about the accident right away. The damage might be covered, depending on the type of insurance you have.
This article explains in a general way the law that applies in Quebec. This article is not a legal opinion or legal advice. To find out the specific rules for your situation, consult a lawyer or notary.