In Quebec, abortion is legal, free and available at any time. A woman doesn't lose her right to an abortion after a certain number of weeks. No matter how far along the pregnancy is, a woman always has the choice to do what she believes is best for her.
However, who provides the abortion might vary depending on the number of weeks of pregnancy.
Up to and Including 13 Weeks of Pregnancy (First Trimester)
In Quebec, most abortions are performed during the first trimester of pregnancy. However, an abortion is rarely done before the seventh week because the chances of success are not as good as they are later on.
During the first trimester, almost all health-care institutions in Quebec can perform abortions: hospitals, CLSCs, private clinics and community clinics.
14 to 24 Weeks of Pregnancy (Second Trimester)
Most health-care institutions in Quebec can also perform abortions during the second trimester.
However, as the pregnancy advances, fewer institutions are equipped to perform the abortion. Women are therefore referred to health-care institutions in Montreal, the Eastern Townships region and Quebec City.
25 Weeks of Pregnancy and Later (Third Trimester)
Abortions in the third trimester are very rare. Only a few hospitals in Quebec can carry out these abortions, such as Hôpital Sainte-Justine. Other health-care institutions are not equipped to deal with abortions at this stage of a pregnancy.
Under the Quebec health-care system, a woman can travel to the United States to have an abortion in her third trimester. The Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec (public health insurance agency) covers travel expenses and the cost of the procedure.
The Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux du Centre-Est-de-l'Île-de-Montréal helps women who need an abortion in the third trimester.
This article explains in a general way the law that applies in Quebec. This article is not a legal opinion or legal advice. To find out the specific rules for your situation, consult a lawyer or notary.